antibody-dependent

antibody-dependent
антителозависимый

English-russian biological dictionary. 2013.

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  • Antibody dependent enhancement — (ADE) occurs when antiviral antibodies enhance viral entry into host cells, leading to increased infectivity in the host cells. ADE in dengue feverThe most common example of ADE occurs during dengue infection. There are four serotypes of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity — (ADCC) is a mechanism of cell mediated immunity whereby an effector cell of the immune system actively lyses a target cell that has been bound by specific antibodies. It is one of the mechanisms through which antibodies, as part of the humoral… …   Wikipedia

  • Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity — An immune response in which antibody, by coating target cells, makes them vulnerable to attack by immune cells. Antibody dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity is commonly (and blissfully) abbreviated ADCC. * * * (ADCC), antibody dependent cellular …   Medical dictionary

  • Antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity — Unter ADCC (kurz für antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity, dt.: Antikörper vermittelte zelluläre Toxizität) versteht man die Reaktion von natürlichen Killerzellen (NK) mit antikörperbeladenen Ziel Zellen (Antigene oder Pathogene). ADCC wird… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity — (ADCC) The killing of antibody coated target cells by cells with Fc receptors that recognize the Fc region of the bound antibody. Most ADCC is mediated by NK cells that have the Fc receptor or CD16 on their surface …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity — (= ADCC) Killing of target cells by lymphocytes or other leucocytes that carry antibody specific for the target cell, attached to their Fc receptors. The cell involved in the killing may be a passive carrier of the antibody …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Antibody opsonization — is the process by which a pathogen is marked for ingestion and destruction by a phagocyte. Opsonization involves the binding of an opsonin, i.e., antibody, to a receptor on the pathogen s cell membrane [ [http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi… …   Wikipedia

  • Antibody — Immunoglobulin redirects here. For the immunoglobulin family, see Immunoglobulin superfamily. Antibodies redirects here. For the film, see Antibodies (film). Each antibody binds to a specific antigen; an interaction similar to a lock and key. An… …   Wikipedia

  • antibody — An immunoglobulin molecule produced by B lymphoid cells with a specific amino acid sequence evoked in humans or other animals by an antigen (immunogen). These molecules are characterized by reacting specifically with the antigen in some… …   Medical dictionary

  • Monoclonal antibody therapy — Each antibody binds only one specific antigen. Monoclonal antibody therapy is the use of monoclonal antibodies (or mAb) to specifically bind to target cells or proteins. This may then stimulate the patient s immune system to attack those cells.… …   Wikipedia

  • Frequency dependent selection — is the term given to an evolutionary process where the fitness of a phenotype is dependent on its frequency relative to other phenotypes in a given population. In positive frequency dependent selection, the fitness of a phenotype increases as it… …   Wikipedia


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